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First Offense DUI Penalties

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First Offense DUI Penalties

FIRST OFFENSE DUI PENALTIES IN CALIFORNIA 

First offenders find themselves in the best position to avoid jail time unless the case involves the aggravating factors listed in the chart below or involved in an accident and/or hit and run charges.

While some may say that a first offender need not hire an attorney, many learn to regret the decision to forego retaining an competent and qualified DUI attorney later finding that they may have ended up with a reduction, or better yet, avoided a DUI conviction altogether. There is no substitute for the experience or the skill or knowledge that an experienced DUI Lawyer can bring to your California DUI case.

DUI PENALTIES FOR A FIRST OFFENSE 

CURRENT
OFFENSE

SEPARATE* OFFENSES

WITHOUT PROBATION

WITH PROBATION FOR 3 TO 5 YEARS

VC § 23152

NONE

§23536

§23538

•   $390 to $1000 fine, plus assessments (§§23536(a), 23538(a)).

•   May impound car up to 6 months if owned by defendant (§23592).

•   Up to 3 years optional ignition interlock (§23575(a)(1), see §10:29).

[Mandatory 5-month IID for convictions in Alameda, Los Angeles, Sacramento, andTulare on or after July 1, 2010—see §10:29.1]

•   If under 14-year-old passenger pled and proved, additional 48 continuous hours jail (§23572(a)(1)), unless convicted of Pen. C. §273(a).

•   6-month license suspension (10-months if .20% or higher or refusal, and offense date 1/1/07 or later), but immediate restriction eligibility per 13352(a)(1) (except for commercial privilege, and commercial driver driving commercial vehicle—§13352.4(g)). Court may order no restriction eligibility per §23536(d) or §23538(a)(3), and DMV bound by order. §13352.4(h). No return DP until DUI Program completed (§§13352(a)(1), 13353.4(c)•   Optional vehicle impoundment up to 30 days if car owned by defendant (§23594).

96 hours to 6 months jail (§23536), at least 48 hours of which must be continuous. (§23536(b)) (but see Pen. C. §§2900.5(f) and 23600(c)).

First offender drinking driver program [FOP]—minimum 3 months/30 hours or 6 months/45 hours (9 months/60 hours if offense date January 1, 2006 or later) if BAC = 0.20% or refusal (see §10:82) (§§23538(b), 13352(a)(1), H&S §11837(c)).

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Additional probation terms, see Mandatory probation violation terms,


NOTE
UNDER VEHICLE CODE § 23550.5 YOUR CURRENT OFFENSE WILL BE A FELONY IF YOU HAD A SEPARATE CONVICTION FOR A FELONY DUI WITHIN 10 YEARS.



PENALTIES FOR FIRST OFFENSE DUI WITH INJURY 

CURRENT
OFFENSE

SEPARATE* OFFENSES

WITHOUT PROBATION

WITH PROBATION FOR 3 TO 5 YEARS

VC § 23153

NONE

§23554

§23556

•   $390 to $1000 fine, plus assessments (§§23554, 23556(a)(1)).

•   Extra 48 hours jail for refusal, unless sentenced to prison (§23577(a)(2)).

•   Suspend license 1 year and until DUI Program done (§13352(a)(2)—see §10:53).

•   Up to 3 years optional ignition interlock (§23575(a)(1), see §10:29).

    [Mandatory 12-month IID for convictions in Alameda, Los Angeles, Sacramento, and Tulare on or after July 1, 2010—see §10:29.1]

•   May impound car 6 months (§23592), or 1 to 30 days (§23594).

90 days to 1 year jail, or 16 months, 2 or 3 years prison (§23554), plus 3 to 6 yrs more prison for “personally inflicted” GBI on person not accomplice (PC §12022.7, see §10:31.7).

 

If felony, 1 year more prison for each additional injured victim, up to 3 (§23558, see §10:34.2).

5 days to 1 year jail (§23556(a)(1)).

 

First offender drinking driver program [FOP] minimum 3 months/30 hours or 6 months/45 hours if BAC = 0.20% or refusal (see §10:82) (§§23556(b)(3), 13352(2), H&S §11837(c).

 

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Additional probation terms, Mandatory probation violation terms,


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